Racist mobs were ‘widespread’ 100 years ago

The anti-Black mob violence that struck Tulsa in 1921 may be the most well known, but it’s not the only tragedy of its kind.

Between 1917 and 1923, more than 1,100 Americans were killed in such racist attacks, according to William Tuttle Jr., a retired professor of American studies at the University of Kansas and author of “Race Riot: Chicago in the Red Summer of 1919.”

That violence peaked over the course of 10 months in 1919 when more than 250 African Americans were killed by white mobs in at least 25 riots across the country.

The era, dubbed “Red Summer” by civil rights leader James Weldon Johnson, saw the “worst spate of anti-Black violence in American history,” said Cameron McWhirter, author of “Red Summer: The Summer of 1919 and the Awakening of Black America.”

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